References are an important part of the hiring process because they allow potential employers to get information about a job seeker’s attitude, capabilities and skills from professionals who can vouch for them. When you apply for a new job, you can provide professional references in a number of ways. For example, you can provide written references as an attachment with a resume or give the contact information of people who are ready to supply you with verbal references.
Because of this, it is crucial that you line up professional references before you start your next job search. As long as you have a positive relationship with your current and previous employers, it should not be hard to secure a professional reference or two. Choose someone from your work history or previous educational positions who worked with you directly and can attest to your skills and attitude. Ask them to provide you with either a written reference or the promise of a verbal reference if they are contacted. Once you have professional references lined up, you can start your job search, but you should not put “References available upon request” anywhere on your resume. Just make sure you give them a heads up before listing their contact information. It’s good etiquette to ask permission before listing someone as a reference.
Nothing. Recruiters will ask for your references if they want them. You do not need to indicate their availability, and you should not because it is a waste of valuable space on your resume.
If you have no professional references to bolster your job search, you can provide unbiased character references from individuals outside your family. For example, a past teacher or college professor can provide an unbiased reference. Depending on the type of job you are applying for, you can provide a written reference or simply include contact details for your referral contact.
While it is not a necessity to secure a new job, not being able to provide any references when they are requested, even a character reference, will hurt the viability of your job application.