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Your Resume is the first thing a hiring manager sees about you, which means you need to make sure it’s perfect. That starts with making sure your resume format is correct.
When you’re crafting a resume, there are three main formats you can use: chronological, functional and combination. A chronological resume is the most common type of resume and if you’re a typical job seeker looking for a job that’s similar to jobs you’ve had years of experience with, it will be the best option for you.
Read on to learn how you can craft an effective chronological resume.
A chronological Resume is typically the most common resume format and you’ll want to use it unless you have a good reason not to. Here are a few reasons you’ll likely use a chronological resume:
In general, as long as there’s not a compelling reason for you to use the functional or combination resume, a chronological resume will work just fine.
A chronological Resume, also called a reverse-chronological resume, is a resume format that emphasizes your work history. This resume lists your work history in reverse-chronological order, starting with your most recent job and working your way back to earlier jobs. This type of resume draws a recruiter’s attention to your work experience, highlighting your proficiency in past jobs.
Functional and combination resumes are slightly different from chronological resumes in what they emphasize and understanding the difference is important if you want to choose the right Resume format.
A functional resume emphasizes skills, with expanded certifications and skills sections. An extremely strict functional resume may also keep your employment history very brief. This type of resume is meant for people whose previous jobs won’t help them in their job searches. This may include people going through a career change, candidates with unexplained work history gaps or people who have just graduated.
A combination resume emphasizes skills while also expanding on past employment. Typically, in a combination resume, the work experience section will include an explanation of how each job built applicable skills. For example, if you’re currently in software engineering and you’re moving into high school teaching, you might emphasize how your computer knowledge will allow you to create lesson plans and communicate with students and teachers more easily.
Different resume options will work best for different job seekers. A chronological resume is best for individuals who know their work history applies to the job they’re applying for.
The chronological Resume format is fairly simple and easy to read, which is why recruiters see it so often. That doesn’t mean the content should be overlooked. Below are some tips on how to effectively structure your chronological resume.
First up is the header. This is where you put your most recent contact information. List your name, address and phone number. You may also want to list professional social media accounts like LinkedIn. A resume builder will typically help you create a great look for your header, making your name a little larger so it’s easy to see at a glance.
The next section is your resume summary. This is a three to five-sentence paragraph that sums up your key qualifications and gives a hiring manager an idea of who you are. The summary statement should be setting the tone for your resume by showing your relevant skills and professional experience, all in a single paragraph.
Even though a chronological resume will focus heavily on your work history, you still need a skills section to indicate what you’re most accomplished at. In the skills section of a chronological resume, make sure you list skills that naturally flow from the previous jobs you’ve had, typically as bullet points. For example, as a customer service representative, you may note these skills:
Since your work experience is what you want to focus on in a chronological resume, it will go at the top of the resume. In chronological resume templates, you will notice that the work experience goes above the skills section. Underneath each job, make sure you also indicate the most important things you did and any awards you earned. As a customer service representative, you might write the following as part of your work history:
The last section of your resume should be the education section. In this section, you’ll list your college education and any special certifications that you’ve received that are relevant to your career. Avoid listing your high school education unless you have no college education. If you’ve gone through college, potential future employers don’t need to know about your high school credentials.
If you’re interested in seeing what a chronological Resume should look like, ResumeHelp offers chronological resume samples that can help you understand what hiring managers are looking for. Check out the professional resume examples at ResumeHelp to see what resumes are currently working in your industry before you write your own.
Most job seekers are using chronological resumes even if it may not be the best fit as this format type is typically seen as the default. However you may have different styles and information present in your document as your Resume will change and evolve over time and the length of your career.
There are a few important things you’ll likely want to avoid in your Resume in today’s job field. Here are a few things not to put in your chronological resume:
In general, avoid putting your high school information in your education section unless you have no other education experience. And for both high school and college listings, there’s no need to indicate your GPA but you should include any honors you’ve received, such as magna cum laude.
In today’s world, employers assume you have basic computer proficiency. You’re wasting space and looking out of touch by listing it as a skill.
Everyone knows the trick of listing knowledge of specific software on your resume to try and pad it out, but it usually doesn’t work. So unless you actually have extensive proficiency with software such as Microsoft Excel, don’t add them to your resume.
If you’re looking to get a job as a professor, there’s no need to put a food service job from 2011 on your resume. It has nothing to do with your current career.
The reason there are different Resume formats is that different types will work best for different job seekers. If you feel like the chronological resume format isn’t working well for your needs, feel free to try out different formats with our easy-to-use resume builder.
Remember that your work history section should be fairly extensive to best utilize the benefits of a chronological resume. If you don’t have a lot of work history, you might want to shift to a different format. A resume builder can be incredibly helpful here because you can simply enter your information and see which format works best for you.
The chronological Resume is a better fit for those with an outstanding work history and line of career progression while the functional resume is skills based. The functional resume is great for showcasing different skills you may possess inside or outside of the workplace and serves as a nonlinear way of presenting your career history which may soften imperfections in your work experience timeline. If your work history follows a more linear pattern and you have great career progression then the chronological resume is probably the best choice for you.
A balance of hard and soft skills work well in chronological resumes, as both of these types of skills will typically be gained through your professional experience. To create your skill list for your chronological Resume, go back through your previous jobs and determine what abilities or knowledge you used most frequently, and what skills you honed as part of those jobs. For example, if you’re planning to apply for a dental assistant role, you might note the soft skill “client communication” as an important skill from your previous job, you could also note a hard skill like “medical records management” for industry significance as well.
The chronological Resume is the ideal option for an ATS, which has become the standard for many large companies processing resumes. Applicant tracking systems are automated systems that go through your resume once you submit it, looking for important keywords that match the skills and experiences of an ideal applicant. If you’re submitting your resume to an automated site rather than sending it directly to a manager, it’s best to go with a chronological resume if you can, as ATS systems are familiar with the format.
The chronological Resume is the most common type of resume and can be easily scanned by most ATS systems but it might not be the best fit for all job seekers. This type of resume is great for those with a solid work history and presence in their industry but if you are transferring to a new industry or applying for your first job consider using a different resume format.
Combination resumes are perfect for those that like to take on different roles as these types of resumes focus reader attention on your transferable skills while the chronological resume is mainly focused on an applicant’s work history.
The functional resume is the best choice for those that either are applying for their first job, took a break from work or are recent graduates. This type is valuable to those that want more attention focused on their personal attributes and qualifications.
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